Suggested Tree and Plant Replacements

The first recorded sighting of Monterey Bay was in 1542. A Portuguese navigator sailing for Spain sighted Monterey Bay and named it "La Bahia De Los Pinos" (Bay of Pines). Monterey is a unique community whose parks, tree lined streets, and wooded areas make up its urban forest that contribute to the personality of the City. The City of Monterey is committed to maintaining a diverse population of native and ornamental trees. Public interest and awareness of the contribution the City makes is vital to the maintenance and development of the City of Monterey's Urban Forest. A healthy and well maintained urban forest can only be achieved by careful planning.

Tree selection is one of the most important decisions that a home owner makes when landscaping or replacing a tree lost to damage or disease. When selecting a new tree consider the following questions:

  • Why is your tree being planted?
  • What is the size and location of the planting site?
  • What type of soil do you have?
  • What is the purpose of the tree?

How to plant a tree

Garden Trees Deciduous Large Landscape Trees Deciduous
Acer griseum - Paper Bark Maple Aesculus x carnea - Red Horsechestnut
Betula pendula - European White Birch
Fagus sylvatica
Crataegus laevigata - English Hawthorn
Fagus sylvatica 'Atropuncea' - Copper Beech
Crataegus cordata - Washington Hawthorn
Liriodendron tulipifera - Tulip Tree
Prunus cerasifera - Purple-leaf Plum
Liquidambar styraciflua - Sweetgum
Ginko biloba - Maidenhair
Robinia x ambigua 'Idahoensis' - Idaho Locust
Magnolia soulangiana - Saucer Magnolia
Salix babylonica - Weeping Willow
Pyrus calleryana 'chanticleer' - Ornamental Pear
Zelkova serrata - Saw leaf Zelkova
Prunus serrulata 'Kwanzan' - Flowering Cherry
Garden Trees Evergreen Large Landscape Trees Evergreen
Arbutus 'Marina'
Cedrus atlantica - Atlas Cedar
Cinnamomum camphora - Camphor Tree
Cedrus deodara - Deodar Cedar
Eucalyptus nicholi
Cupressus macracarpa - Monterey Cypress
Geijera parviflora - Australian Willow
Fraxinus uhdei - Evergreen Ash
Laurus nobilis 'saratoga' - Sweet Bay
Pinus canariesis - Canary Island Pine
Ligustrum confusum - Nepal Privet
Pinus contorta - Shore Pine
Magnolia grandiflora - Southern Magnolia
Pinus radiata - Monterey Pine
Metrosideros excelsus
Quercus agrifolia - Coast Live Oak
Olea europia - Common Olive
Quercus suber - Cork Oak
Pinus thunbergiana - Japanese Black Pine
Sequoia sempervirens - Coast Redwood
Podocarpus gracilior - African Fern Pine
Ulmus parvifolia - Chinese Evergreen Elm
Tall Shrubs & Perennials Characteristics
Alyogyne heugilli, Blue hibiscus Large blue flowers, 8 ft, Sun
Ceanothus Julia Phelps, Ceanothus Dark blue flowers, 6 feet, Sun
Echium candicans, Pride of Madera Long spikes of blue, purple or pink flowers, sun
Euryops pectinatus, Euryops Yellow flowers, tough plant, sun
Impatiens olivari, Evergreen impatient Good choice for part to deep shade pink flowers
Lavatara maritima bi color, Tree mallow 7 ft lavender flowers purple centers, sun
Phlomis fruiticosa, Jerusalem Sage Fragrant gray leaves, yellow flowers in summer
Phormium tenax, New Zealand Flax 7 ft sword like leaves long black flower spikes, sun
Podocarpus gracillor, Yew pine Sun or shade against a tall wall
Polygala dalmaisiana, Sweet pea shrub Purple flowers nearly ever-blooming, sun or lt.shade
Salvia leucantha, Mexican sage Purple flowers, aromatic leaves.
Tagatees lemonii, Bush marigold Yellow flowers very fragrant leaves
Romneya coulterii,
Matilija poppy
Large white flowers with yellow centers7 ft
Viburnum tinus S.B.
White flower clusters Sun or lt.shade
Westringia fruticosa,
Australian rose
Fine gray green leaves white flower
Short Shrubs & Perennials Characteristics
Agapanthus orientalis, Lily of the Nile Flower spikes like fireworks
4 ft blue or white
Artemesia Powis Castle, Artemesia Gray aromatic foliage,
3 ft sun
Acanthus mollis, Bears breech Large deep green leaves
will grow in shade
Bidens ferulifolia, Bidens Profuse bloom of bright
yellow flowers,sun
Coleonema pulchrum, Breath of heaven Aromatic leaves with many
pink flowers,sun to shade
Correa pulchella, Australian fuschia Hardy low grower with
Fuchsia colored flowers
Dietes vegeta, Fortnight lily Sword like leaves with
white with blue flowers
Erigeron karvinskianus,
Santa Barbara daisy
Low growing with many
light pink flowers
Gaura lindheimeri,Gaura Loaded with pink or white
flowers3 ft, sun
Heuchera maxima, Island alum root 2 ft plants with 18 in flower
stems with flowers
Lobelia laxifolia, Lobelia very hardy with red flowers
with yellow tips
Salvia x bees bliss, Salvia Aromatic gray foliage with
trailing habit
Vines Characteristics
Bougenvilla,Bougenvilla Full sun on south wall purple, red or gold flowers
Hardenbergia violacea, Lilac vine Lavender or white flowers, very hardy
Jasminum polyanthumum, Pint jasmine Very fragrant many light pink flowers
Loniceria hildebrandiana, Burmese honeysuckle Large leaves with fragrant yellow tubular flowers
Solanum jasminoides, Potato vine Profuse bloom of white flowers, fast grower
Thunbergia gregorii, Orange clock vine Orange flowers, fast grower frost tender
Wisteria sinensis,Chinese wisteria Deciduous vine, blue or white flowers
Ground Covers Characteristics
Ajuga repens,Carpet bugle Bronze to green leaves purple flowers, shade
Campanula,Bellflower Blue flowers with trailing habit shade tolerant
Ceanothus Carmel creeper,Ceanothus Blue spring flowers fast grower, sun
Gazania hybrids,Gazania Trailing or clumping in wide range of colors